Below I have listed some readings that have influenced my work in the following order:
  • Taoist Philosophy, Meditation, and Art
  • Contemplative Inquiry and Art Education, Therapy, and Research
  • Compassion and Care
  • Arts Based Research
  • Art Making, Meditation, and Mindfulness
  • Mindfulness
other links:


Bai, H., and Cohen, A.  (2008). Breathing qi (ch’i), following dao (tao) transforming this violence-ridden world. In C. Eppert & H. Wang (eds). Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights, pp. 35-54.
Bolen, J.S. (1979). The tao of psychology: Synchronicity and the self. Harper & Row: New York.
Cahill J. 1985. Chinese Painting. Reprinted. Rizzoli: New York.
Cheng, François (1994)  Empty and full : the language of Chinese painting  Book  Boston: Shambhala.
Cherng, W.J. (2015). Daoist meditation: The purification of the heart method of meditation and discourse on sitting and forgetting (Zuo Wang Lun) by Si Mi Cheng Zhen. Jessica Kingsley: London.
Chieh Tzu Yuan Hua Chuan (1956).  The Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting. M. Sze (Trans. And Ed.) New York: Bollingen. (Originally published 1887-1888)
Chuang-tzu, ., & Hinton, D. (1998). Chuang Tzu: The Inner chapters. Washington, D.C: Counterpoint.
Chung-yuan, Chang. (1963).  Creativity and taoism: A study of Chinese philosophy, art, and poetry.  New York: Julian Press.
Cleary, T. (2000).  Taoist meditation: Methods for cultivating a healthy mind and body.  Boston: Shambala.
Culham, T. (2016). Reuniting virtue and knowledge.  ****(will need to check all page numbers for quotes because this is both an article and a book chapter - be consistent)****in Ergas, O., & Todd, S. (Eds.). (2016).
Dongfang, H. (1995). The Philosophical Origin of the Black-White System of Chinese Painting.  International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, (8) 3, pp. 453-465.  Stable URL:  Accessed: 02-02-2018  
François, J. (2009).  The great image has no form, or on the nonobject through painting. J. M. Todd (Trans.)  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Franck, F. (1981). Art as a way: A return to the spiritual roots. Crossroad: New York
Furth, C., Zeitlin, J. T., & Hsiung, P. (2007).  Thinking with cases: Specialist knowledge in Chinese cultural history.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Hinton, D. (2012).  Hunger mountain: A field guide to mind and landscape.  Boulder: Shambhala.
Hall, David L.: Process and Anarchy: A Taoist Vision of Creativity. Philosophy East and West, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 1978), pp. 271-285.    
Hermsen, E. (1996) Person-Centered Psychology and Taoism: The Reception of Lao-tzu by Carl R. Rogers, The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 6:2, 107-125, doi: 10.1207/s15327582ijpr0602_4 To link to this article:
Herr, C. M. (2011).  Mutually arising abstract and actual. Kybernetes 40 (7), pp. 1030-1037.
Hinton, D. (2017). I Ching: The book of change.
Hinton, D. (2012).  Hunger mountain: A field guide to mind and landscape.  Boulder: Shambhala.  
Hinton, D. (1999).  The selected poems of Po Chu-I. Translated by David Hinton.  New York: New Directions. (Pai, Chu-i, 772-846)
Ho, K. T. (2007).  The poetics of making, PhD thesis, AUT University.  Retrieved July 2018: Hongyu Wang (2008).  The strength of the feminine, the lyrics of the Chinese woman’s self, and the power of education. In C. Eppert & H. Wang (eds). Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights, pp. 313-333.
Jian-Jing Li.  (2014). Chinese Art in the Social Context: Unfolding the Interplay of the ‘Four Enemies’
Johanson, G. & Kurtz, G. (1991). Grace unfolding: Psychotherapy in the spirit of the tao-te ching.  New York: Bell Tower.  
Kohn, L. (2017).  The American transformation of Daoist cultivation.  Journal of Daoist Studies (10),  p. 179-195.  doi:10.1353/dao.2017.0010
Kohn, L. (2009).  Being at One with Heaven and Earth: The Ethical Integration of Self, Society, and Nature in Daoism. Journal of Law, Philosophy and Culture, 3 (1), pp. 365-384.  
Lao Tzu (2001). Tao te ching: The definitive edition, J. Star (trans.). New York: Tarcher.
Lao, T.  (2015). Tao te ching  D. Hinton (trans.)  Berkeley, California: Counterpoint.
Laozi, ., & Feng, G. (1986). Tao te ching. Taibei: Caves Books.
Li, X. (1998).  Becoming an intersubjective self: Teacher knowing through Chinese womenimmigrants knotting of language, poetry, and culture. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto.
Li, X. (2002). The Tao of life stories: Chinese language, poetry, and culture in education. New York: Peter Lang.
Li, X. (2007) My lived stories of poetic thinking and Taoist knowing. (In Wang, H. & Eppart, C. Eds.) Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern thought, Educational Insights, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp 193-206.
Li, X.(2008).  Black and white may make a rainbow: Cultural creativity from opposites.  Multicultural Perspectives 11 (3), pp. 125-131.
Moss, R. C. & Perryman, K. L. (2012).  East meets west: Integration of taoism into western therapy.
History Of Early Chinese Painting Vol.2:
Shio Sakanishi (1939/1948/1957).  The spirit of the brush: Being the outlook of Chinese painters on nature, from Eastern Chin to Five Dynasties A.D. 317-960.  London: John Murray Ltd.
Sze, M. (1959).  The way of Chinese painting: Its ideas and technique.  New York: Vintage Books. (Originally published 1956)
Towler, S. (2016). Practicing the tao te ching: 81 steps on the way. Sounds True: Boulder.
Waley, A. (1923).  Introduction to the study of Chinese Painting:   Collection digitallibraryindia  
Watts, A. (1975).  Tao: The watercourse way.  Al Chung-Liang Huang (Col). New York: Pantheon.
Watts, 2010, podcast May 9, 2010.  Retreived Feb. 27, 2018:      
Wilhelm, R. (1962). The secret of the golden flower: A Chinese book of life (translated and explained by Richard Wilhelm with commentary by C.G. Jung. (originally published 1931)
Willis, B. (1987/2000). The tao of art: The inner meaning of chinese art and philosophy.  Lincoln, Nebraska: Authors Guild.  (Originally published 1987).
Wong, E. (1992). Cultivating stillness: A Taoist manual for transforming body and mind. Shambhala: Boston.
Wong, E. (1997). Taoism: An essential guide. Boston: Shambala. (I read the following chapters.  Others did not seem useful: 1. Shamanic Origins (3000-800BCE),  2. The Classical
Wong Wei (2006).  The selected poems of Wang Wei.  D. Hinton (trans.) New York: New Directions.
Wong, W. (1991).  The Tao of Chinese Landscape Painting.  Hong Kong: Everbest Printing.
Radford Ruether, R. (2005).  Confucianism and daoism. Integrating ecofeminism, globalization, and world religions, pp. 61-67.   Lantham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
Shi-yee Liu (2017).  Storytelling through Inscriptions in Nonnarrative Chinese Paintings.  Metropolitan Museum of Art - retrieved 3.17.2018 online:
Cauvel,  Jane. The Transformative Power of Art: Li Zehou's Aesthetic Theory
Stevenson, C. (1996). The Tao, social constructionism and psychiatric nursing practice and research. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 3, pp. 217-224.


Allen, P. B. (2013).  Tools for mindfulness in art and writing.  In Rappaport, L., Trantham, S., Surrey, J., Chang, F., & Mullin, E. (Eds.). Mindfulness and the Arts Therapies : Theory and Practice, 51-61. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Barbezat, D. P.;Bush, M. (2014). Transformation and renewal in higher education. In  Contemplative practices in higher education: Powerful methods to transform teaching and learning, 3-20. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bergman, C., & Duerr, M. (n.d.).  The Center for Contemplative Mind in Society.  The Tree of Contemplative Practices is a copyrighted image but website states: “You may use the tree for personal, educational, and non-commercial purposes without permission.”  (Retrieved from December, 8, 2017)
Bhattacharya, K. & Payne, R. (2016).  Mixing mediums, mixing selves: arts-based contemplative approaches to border crossings, International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 29:9, 1100-1117, doi: 10.1080/09518398.2016.1201163
Campbell, L. H.  (2011). Holistic art education: A transformative approach to teaching art, Art Education, 64(2), 18-24.
Campbell, L., & Simmons, S., (Eds.) & National Art Education Association (2012). The heart of art education: Holistic approaches to creativity, integration, and transformation. Reston, VA: National Art Education Association.
Eppert, C., Vokey, D., Nguyen, T. T. A., Bai, H. (2016).  Intercultural philosophy and the nondual wisdom of ‘basic goodness’:Implications for contemplative and transformative education. O. Ergas & S. Todd (eds.)
Eppert, C., & Hongyu Wang (2008).  Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights ***need other info
Ergas, O., & Todd, S. (Eds.). (2016). Philosophy east / west : exploring intersections between educational and contemplative practices. Retrieved from Created from fsu on 2018-02-09 11:19:18. See section on Daoism and the development of virtue.
Franklin, M. (2017).  Art as contemplative practice: Expressive pathways to the self. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.
Franklin, M. (1999). Becoming a student of oneself: Activating the witness in meditation and supervision. American Journal of Art Therapy, 38(1), 2–13. Retrieved from:
Hill, R. A. (2014). Honor the Negative Space. The Journal of Contemplative Inquiry, 1, pp. 135-140.
Miller, J. (2014).  The contemplative practitioner: Meditation in education and the workplace.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (Originally published 1994)
Ryder, W. (1987). The Role of Art in Self-Actualization. Art Education 40(2), 22-44.  doi: 10.2307/3193064    Stable URL:
Scheffel, B. (2012).  Everywhere present yet nowhere visible: Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche and dharma art at the naropa institute.  In Auther, E., & Lerner, A. (Eds). West of center: art and the counterculture experiment in America, 1965-1977, 344-359. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; [Denver, Colo.]: Published in cooperation with the Museum of Contemporary Art Denver, 2012.
Schneider, D. A., & King Keenan, E.  (2015). From Being Known in the Classroom to “Moments of Meeting”: What Intersubjectivity offers Contemplative Pedagogy. The Journal of Contemplative Inquiry, vol. 2, no. 1, pp.  Retrieved from, J. (2014).  Meditations on Contemplative Pedagogy as Sanctuary.  The Journal of Contemplative Inquiry, 1, pp. 141-147.
Stull, O.A. (2016). Mindfulness-based art therapy: Eight session manual for clinical application and research. University of Kansas Press: Lexington.
Trungpa, C. (2008).  True perception: The path of dharma art. (J. Lief, trans.) Boston: Shambhala.
Walsh, S., Bickel, B., & Leggo, C. (2015). Arts-based and contemplative practices in research and teaching: Honoring presence. New York: Routledge.
Walsh, S. C. (2018).  Contemplative and artful openings: researching women and teaching.  New York: Routledge.  
Wilde, S. (2012).  Care in Education: Teaching with Understanding and Compassion. New York: Routledge.


Wilde, S. (2012).  Care in Education: Teaching with Understanding and Compassion. New York: Routledge.
Munro Henry, P.  (2008). Engendering Wisdom: Listening to Kuan Yin and Julian of Norwich.  In C. Eppert & H. Wang (Eds.), Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights (pp. 207-226).  New York: Routledge.
Noddings, N. (1984).  Caring: A feminine approach to ethics and moral education.  Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women's development. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.


Sullivan, G. (2008).  Painting as Painting as Research: Create and Critique by Graeme Sullivan pp. 240-251.  Found in: Knowles, J. G. & Cole, A. L. (2008). Handbook of the Arts in Qualitative Research:  Perspectives, Methodologies, Examples, and Issues. Thousand Oaks,
California: Sage.
de Freitas, N. (2002). Towards a de nition of studio documentation: Working tool and transparent record. New Zealand:AUT University.
Finley, S. &  Knowles, G. (1995).  Researcher as Artist/Artist as Researcher.  Qualitative Inquiry, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p 110-142.
Finley, S. (2008).  Arts-based research (J.G. Knowles, & A.L. Cole editors).  Handbook of the Arts in Qualitative Research: Perspectives, Methodologies, Examples, and Issues, pp. 72-80.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Art making, meditation, and MINDFULNESS

Azara, N. (2002). Spirit taking form: Making a spiritual practice of making art. Redwheel Press: York Beach, Maine.
Carbonetti, J. (1998). The tao of watercolor: A revolutionary approach to the practice of painting. Watson-Guptill: New York.
Ching, E.D., and Ching, K. (2007). Chi and creativity: Vital energy and your inner artist. Blue Snake Books: Berkeley.
Franck, F. The Zen of Seeing. also The Awakened Eye.
Greenhalgh, W.A. (2015). Mindfulness & the art of drawing: A creative path to awareness. Leaping Hare Press.
Greenhalgh, W.A. (2017). Stop, look, breathe, create: Fours easy steps to mindfulness through creativity. Hatchett: London.Haines, J. (2017). Paint yourself calm: Colorful, creative minfulness through watercolour. Search Press: Kent. (originally published 2016)

Saitzyk, S. (2013). Place your thoughts here: Meditation for the creative mind. First Thought Press: Los Angeles.
Simon, J. F. (2016). Drawing your own path: 33 practices at the crossroads of art and meditation. Parallax Press: Berkeley.
Penman, D. (2015). Mindfulness for creativity: Adapt, create and thrive in a frantic world. Piatkus: London


Beitel, M, Bogus, S., Hutz, A., Green, D., Cecero, J.,  & Barry, D. (2014) Stillness and motion: An empirical investigation of mindfulness and self-actualization, Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 13(3), 187-202, doi: 10.1080/14779757.2013.855131
Berila, B. (2016) Mindfulness as a healing, liberatory practice in queer anti-oppression pedagogy. Social Alternatives, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 5-10.
Gradle, S. A. (2011). A university course in mindful viewing: Understanding art and self through contemplative experience. International Journal of Education Through Art, 7 (2), 137-151. doi: 10.1386/eta.7.2.137_1
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life.  New York: Hachette.
Nhất, H., & Vo-Dinh, M. (1976). The miracle of mindfulness: A manual on meditation. Boston: Beacon Press. (Originally published 1975).
Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Astin, J., Freedman, B. (2006).  Mechanisms of mindfulness, Journal of clinical psychology, 62(3), 373-386.